I made this list initially to organize all those historically that were or are considered to be “socialist” Jews in an attempt to either expose or exonerate the Zionist movement. There are many Jews opposed to Zionism, so get the thought of anti-Semitism out of you mind. This isn’t about the Jewish culture or religion, it’s about Zionism and their use of democratic socialism to steal the wealth from the majority. Feel free to send additional known Zionists to this list by sending it in an email or comment, as it is much much longer than most realize. Just remember, it is important to associate them with either the known world’s Zionist organizations or the various democratic socialist political parties and movements they control, that plague our world. You will also find them as the heads of banks, major investment groups and corporations, such as Pfizer’s CEO, Albert Bourla who is pushing to having everyone in the world vaxxed so he can make $billions for himself and his company of known liars and thieves. As an example, you’ll find a number of them in the Council On Foreign Relations, the Trilateral Commission, the Bilderberger Group, or such as Klaus Schwab who heads the World Economic Forum. They’re everywhere in the various government bureaucracies, even the United Nations, World Bank, IMF, Bank of International Settlement and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development https://www.oecd.org Also remember, they now know a lot of people are on to the Tricks and Treachery, so it’s getting harder to prove those who are in the movement.
As an example, Henry Kissinger is or was in the Council on Foreign Relations (Zionist controlled) and he was caught saying in a cable released by Wikileaks “The illegal we do all the time, the Unconstitutional takes a bit longer”. Kissinger was and is a notorious war monger and was always stirring up conflict between nations. see his bio below. As you will see they strive to gain control of the various political organizations using democratic socialist polices to tax and redistribute the majorities wealth to their special interests such as many of the companies that make up the military industrial complex, so warfare is a major part of their agenda and they use all sorts of tricks and lies as the Pentagon Papers revealed to get countries into wars, so they can sell goods and services to the governments. That’s their Motus Operandi (MO) and just about everything out of the mouths is a lie to achieve this goal.
Here is the Wikipedia page on Zionism; https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zionism Just remember with Wikipedia, the Zionist try to control content as they do in the corporate controlled media. I have found that although Wikipedia provides a lot of well know facts, you can surely observe their political leaning toward democratic socialism and abhorrence of libertarianism. There greatest fear is to lose control of the power to tax and redistribute the majority wealth to their special interests.
This is strictly my definition of Zionism and if disagreement is met from it, then I do not mind amending it to clarify this issue. Zionists are those that believe they are God’s chosen people and as such are the rightful and legitimate political and economic rulers/leaders of the 230 +/- nation-states and other government organizations such as the World Bank, IMF, United Nations, etc. that make up earth. It is very important to note, that not all Jews believe in the Zionist movement but as I will show later, the Zionist movement is real and their members on accession have arrogantly disclosed the movements intentions.
Zionists use both political and economic power to prey on taxpayers, especially the civilian population. They are also promoting social policies like excessive taxation and regulatory fees, prohibitions on such things as recreational and medicinal herbs such as hemp, cocaine, opiates and other recreational drugs, alcohol, exclusionary policies such as licensing laws and college accreditation,
They appear to like the Roman republic model of governance with elected representation, knowing an ambitious politician is easily bought off and they can then use the tax money to manipulate the system.
In the Magna Carta (1615) it was the following four (4) Clauses that first gave me the idea of taking note of their importance in the study of socio-economics. I knew they were monetarily influential, but I had no idea, how they had infiltrated the various government institutions, including the government controlled educations systems to enhance their agendas. We’ve caught those paying for their kids to be accepted into some of these colleges just recently, so god only knows just how many of them have monetarily manipulated they education system to get their degrees and other accreditations while denying others their degrees. As you will see, it just not coincidental that so many of them ended up pushing the democratic socialist agenda and sadly so many people have fallen for their trickery and treachery.
10. If one who has borrowed from the Jews any sum, great or small, die before that loan be repaid, the debt shall not bear interest while the heir is under age, of whomsoever he may hold; and if the debt fall into our hands, we will not take anything except the principal sum contained in the bond.
11. And if anyone die indebted to the Jews, his wife shall have her dower and pay nothing of that debt; and if any children of the deceased are left under age, necessaries shall be provided for them in keeping with the holding of the deceased; and out of the residue the debt shall be paid, reserving, however, service due to feudal lords; in like manner let it be done touching debts due to others than Jews.
12. No scutage not aid shall be imposed on our kingdom, unless by common counsel of our kingdom, except for ransoming our person, for making our eldest son a knight, and for once marrying our eldest daughter; and for these there shall not be levied more than a reasonable aid. In like manner it shall be done concerning aids from the city of London.
13. And the city of London shall have all it ancient liberties and free customs, as well by land as by water; furthermore, we decree and grant that all other cities, boroughs, towns, and ports shall have all their liberties and free customs.
Then, when I learned about the City of London, I was amazed to find out that this City is the oldest City in all of the United Kingdom still in existence and many of the wealthier financial interest in the world just happen to have their businesses there. Must be just a coincidence? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LrObZ_HZZUc
“The City of London, some suggest is the financial capital of the world and if it is, it may have been so, for many millenniums. The number of promenade banks and corporation headquarters or operating branches out of there is huge. As an example “N M Rothschild & Sons financial strength in the City of London became such that by 1825–26, the bank was able to supply enough coin to the Bank of England to enable it to avert a liquidity crisis. – Wikipedia. The wealth may go back as far as the 8th to the 10th century as the Roman Republic declined and evacuated. Other Jewish financiers like the Bischoffsheims, Goldschmidts, Pereires, Seligmans, Lazards, and others, and these financiers by their integrity and financial skill obtained credit not alone with their Jewish confrères, but with the banking fraternity in general. By this means, Jewish financiers obtained an increasing share of international finance during the middle and last quarter of the 19th century. The head of the whole group was the Rothschild family…”
“The Jews could be put down very plausibly as the most unpleasant race ever heard of. As commonly encountered they lack any of the qualities that mark the civilized man: courage, dignity, incorruptibility, ease, confidence. They have vanity without pride, voluptuousness without taste, and learning without wisdom. Their fortitude, such as it is, is wasted upon puerile objects, and their charity is mainly a form of display.” — M.L. Mencken
Ludwig Bamberger, (22 July 1823 – 14 March 1899) was a German economist, politician, revolutionary and writer. Bamberger was born into the wealthy Ashkenazi Jewish Bamberger family in Mainz. After studying at Giessen, Heidelberg, and Göttingen, he became a lawyer. In the German Reichstag he was the leading authority on matters of finance and economics, as well as a clear and persuasive speaker, and it was chiefly owing to him that a gold currency was adopted and that the Reichsbank took form; in his later years he wrote and spoke strongly against bimetallism. He was the leader of the free traders, and after 1878 refused to follow Bismarck in his new policy of protection, state socialism and colonial development. On account of his opposition to Bismarck’s economic policy, he left the National Liberal Party and joined the “Secessionists” which later merged into the German Free-minded Party. He was also a founder of the Verein zur Förderung der Handelsfreiheit (Group for the Promotion of Free Trade). He founded the Bundesbank of Germany which was in the business of lending for trade and mercantilism.
Daniel De Leon (/də ˈliːɒn/; December 14, 1852 – May 11, 1914) was an American socialist newspaper editor, politician, Marxist theoretician, and trade union organizer. Daniel De Leon was born December 14, 1852 in Curaçao, the son of Salomon de Leon and Sarah Jesurun De Leon. His father was a surgeon in the Royal Netherlands Army and a colonial official. His family ancestry is believed to be Dutch Jewish of the Spanish and Portuguese community; “De León” is a Spanish surname, oftentimes toponymic, in which case it can possibly indicate a family’s geographic origin in the Medieval Kingdom of León. His father lived in the Netherlands before coming to Curaçao when receiving his commission in the military. Salomon De Leon died on January 18, 1865, when Daniel was twelve and was the first to be buried in the new Jewish cemetery.
Paul Lafargue (in French lafaʁg/; 15 January 1842 – 25 November 1911) was a French revolutionary Marxist socialist journalist, literary critic, political writer and activist; he was Karl Marx‘s son-in-law having married his second daughter, Laura. His best known work is The Right To Be Lazy. Born in Cuba to French and Creole parents, Lafargue spent most of his life in France, with periods in England and Spain. At the age of 69, he and 66-year-old Laura died together by a suicide pact. Lafargue was born in Santiago de Cuba. His father was the owner of coffee plantations in Cuba, and the family’s wealth allowed Lafargue to study in Santiago and then in France. His four grandparents were a French Christian, an Indian from Jamaica, a Mulatto refugee from Haiti, and a French Jew. Lafargue has remarked that he was an “international[ist] of blood before [he] was one of ideology” and that “the blood of three oppressed races runs in my veins.
Fabio Grobart (also Antonio Blanco) was born in Białystok, Poland August 30, 1905; his birth name was Abraham Grobart a.k.a. Abraham Simjovitch. Apparently following orders of the Comintern, during the early 1920s he became a founding member of the Cuban Communist Party. After in 1922 entering the Young Communist League of Poland, and additional Communist activities he may have been sentenced to death and this may have obliged him to leave Poland to settle in Cuba.
He played an important, though generally undocumented, role in guiding the political leadership of Cuba’s 1959 Revolution along a socialist path. Fabio Grobart was one of the founders of the Communist Party in Cuba in 1925, “and for decades served as a party ideologue and the man who introduced Castro at party meetings” (Goering, 2001). Grobart was both a member of the Cuban Communist Party Central Committee and a member of Parliament. According to Boris Kozolchyk Fabio Grobart was ethnically “Jewish,” and may not have been a practicing Jew. He apparently never objected to the Cuban government’s “attitude toward religion, Zionism and Israel… “.
Harry Dexter White, former name was Weit (October 9, 1892 – August 16, 1948) was a senior U.S. Treasury department official. Working closely with the Secretary of the Treasury Henry Morgenthau, Jr., he helped set American financial policy toward the Allies of World War II while at the same time he passed numerous secrets to the Soviet Union, which was an American ally for part of the time and an adversary at other times.
Harry Dexter White was born in Boston, Massachusetts, the seventh and youngest child of Jewish Lithuanian immigrants, Joseph Weit and Sarah Magilewski, who had settled in America in 1885. White admired the Soviet Union. Historian Sam Tanenhaus says he spied for them: White was accused in 1948 of spying for the Soviet Union, which he adamantly denied. Although he was never a Communist party member, his status as a Soviet informant was later confirmed by declassified FBI documents related to the interception and decoding of Soviet communications, known as the Venona Project.
So, we might want to ask ourselves if the FBI knew it, why wasn’t he prosecuted? He was literally a Jewish Spy for the Soviet Union and communist sympathizer. He was also the senior American official at the 1944 Bretton Woods conference that established the postwar economic order. He dominated the conference and imposed his vision of post-war financial institutions over the objections of John Maynard Keynes, the British representative. At Bretton Woods, White was a major architect of the International Monetary Fund and World Bank. J. Edgar Hoover was the Director of the FBI at that time.
Henry Morgenthau Jr. (/ˈmɔːrɡənθɔː/; May 11, 1891 – February 6, 1967) was the United States Secretary of the Treasury during most of the administration of Franklin D. Roosevelt. He played a major role in designing and financing the New Deal. After 1937, while still in charge of the Treasury, he played the central role in financing United States participation in World War II. Morgenthau was born into a prominent Jewish family in New York City, the son of Josephine (Sykes) and Henry Morgenthau Sr., a real estate mogul and diplomat.
Morgenthau was a strict monetarist. President Roosevelt, Morgenthau, and Federal Reserve Chairman Marriner Stoddard Eccles jointly kept interest rates low during the depression to finance massive public spending, and then later to support rearmament, support for Britain, and U.S. participation in WW II.
Eugene Isaac Meyer (October 31, 1875 – July 17, 1959) was an American financier, public official, and newspaper publisher. He published the Washington Post from 1933 to 1946, and the paper stayed in his family throughout the rest of the 20th century. He served as Chairman of the Federal Reserve from 1930 to 1933 and was the first President of the World Bank Group. Born in Los Angeles, California, he was one of eight children of Harriet (née Newmark) and Marc Eugene Meyer. His parents were Alsatian Jews, but he avoided identification as a Jew until later in life.
Solomon Lazard, also known as S. Lazard, (1827–1916) was an entrepreneur in 19th century Los Angeles, California, a member of the city council there in 1854 and in 1861–62 and, some say, the founder of the international banking firm Lazard Frères and Company. He and Eugene Isaac Meyer are cousins. Lazard arrived in the United States in 1844 or 1850 and became a U.S. citizen about 1853, but In 1861 he visited France and was arrested on the charge that he still owed military duty to that country, where he had been born. He served six days in prison and then hired a substitute to take his place.
Marcus Goldman (December 9, 1821 – July 20, 1904) was a German investment banker, businessman, and financier. He was born in Trappstadt, Bavaria and emigrated to the United States in 1848. He was the founder of Goldman Sachs, which has since become one of the world’s largest investment banks.
Marcus Goldman was born Mark Goldmann on December 9, 1821 in Trappstadt, Bavaria, Germany. His father, Wolf Goldmann, was a farmer and cattle dealer. His mother, Bella Katz Oberbrunner, who came from Zeil am Main, was widowed with five children from a former marriage; her first husband was called Samuel Oberbrunner. His family was Ashkenazi Jewish. His paternal grandfather was called Jonathan Marx until he changed his name to Goldmann when Jews were allowed to have surnames in 1811. From his earliest days of his business, Goldman was able to singlehandedly transact as much as $5 million worth of commercial paper a year. Successful though he was, Goldman’s business was insignificant compared to that of the other Jewish-German bankers of the day. Concerns like J. & W. Seligman & Co., with working capital of $6 million in 1869 (equivalent of $113 million in 2018), were already modern-day investment bankers immersed in underwriting and trading railroad bonds. He started Goldman Sachs with his partner Joseph Sachs.
Jacques Attali (French: [ʒak atali]; born 1 November 1943) is a French economic and social theorist, writer, political adviser and senior civil servant, who served as a counselor to President François Mitterrand from 1981 to 1991 and was the first head of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development in 1991-1993. In 1997, upon the request of education minister Claude Allègre, he proposed a reform of the higher education degrees system. In 2008-2010, he led the government committee on how to ignite the growth of the French economy, under President Nicolas Sarkozy. Attali was born in Algiers (Algeria), with his twin brother Bernard Attali, in a Jewish family.
It is Attali that is said to have put Emmanuel Macron into the French Presidency despite his lack of political experience having never been elected to any office before. Macron was also an employee of David Rothschilds at his Bank in France. His wife who was his high school teacher taught at The Lycée Saint-Louis-de-Gonzague (“Franklin”), founded in 1894, is a highly selective Roman Catholic, Jesuit school in the 16th arrondissement of Paris. It is regarded the most prestigious French private school and has been ranked #1 lycée in France in the ranking of the newspaper Le Figaro.
Along with the Lazare investment bankers, with ties the Former President Ho
Léon Blum (April 9, 1872 , Paris– March 30, 1950 , Jouy-en-Josas at Versailles ) was a French politician and journalist , as leader of the Popular Front he became France’s Prime Minister from 1936 to 1938 . He called himself a Marxist , rejecting Leninism. Blum thus became historically the first socialist and Jew to hold the post of Prime Minister of France. After the assassination of Jean Jaures, he became general secretary of the French Section of the Workers International in 1916, and in 1921, after the division of the party into democratic-socialist and communist, he became chairman of the socialists. After the occupation of France by Germany, he became a prisoner in the Buchenwald and Dachau concentration camps. After the war he announced his departure from French politics and concentrated on international issues. He publicly supported the establishment of the State of Israel and the UN. He died on 30 March 1950.
In 1913, Golda returned to North Division High, graduating in 1915. While there, she became an active member of Young Poale Zion, which later became Habonim, the Labor Zionist youth movement. She spoke at public meetings and embraced Socialist Zionism.
Daniel Gilbert (born January 17, 1962) is an American billionaire businessman, investor, and philanthropist. He is the cofounder of Quicken Loans and founder of Rock Ventures. He is the owner of the National Basketball Association‘s Cleveland Cavaliers. Gilbert was born to a Jewish family in Detroit, Michigan. He grew up in Southfield, Michigan, where he attended Southfield-Lathrup High School. He earned his bachelor’s degree from Michigan State University and the State Bar of Michigan. While in college he earned a real estate agent‘s license and while in law school, he worked part-time at his parents’ Century 21 Real Estate agency.
Quicken, which originated nearly $146 billion in mortgages in 2019, went public as Rocket Companies in August 2020 at a $36 billion valuation.
Leonid Nevzlin Israeli billionaire businessman, ranked 52nd in the ranking of 100 richest Israelis with a fortune of NIS 3.6 billion, owns the Haaretz newspaper and the monthly Liberal. Nevzlin made his fortune when he served as senior director of the Russian oil giant Yukos, headed by his friend Mikhail Khodorkovsky. He enjoyed handsome dividends, before retiring to public activity. He was elected president of the Zionist Congress, senator in the House of Representatives and served in a senior position at the Tass News Agency.
The Russian government seized Yukos assets and dismantled it. Khodrokovsky was charged with corruption and sentenced to a lengthy prison term, from which he was released about seven years ago. Nevzlin was charged with a felony of murder, fled Russia to Israel and in 2008 was sentenced to life in prison.
Nevzlin claims that these are false accusations and a show trial conducted for political reasons. The Supreme Court of Israel and the International Court of Justice in The Hague have ruled that Nevzlin is a political persecutor and can therefore enter any country in the world. Courts in Israel and Europe have rejected extradition requests filed by Russia following the conviction.
Russia, on the other hand, is ignoring court decisions in The Hague, which have accepted Yukos’ claim that Russia has illegally taken over the company’s assets and must pay the corporation’s shareholders and executives huge compensation worth $ 50 billion.
Mikhail Borisovich Khodorkovsky (Russian: Михаил Борисович Ходорковский, IPA: [mʲɪxɐˈiɫ xədɐrˈkofskʲɪj]; born 26 June 1963) is an exiled Russian businessman, philanthropist and former oligarch, now residing in London. In 2003, Khodorkovsky was believed to be the wealthiest man in Russia, with a fortune estimated to be worth $15 billion, and was ranked 16th on Forbes list of billionaires.[
On 23 December 2015, a Russian court issued an international arrest warrant for Khodorkovsky whom the Investigative Committee of Russia charged with ordering the murder of Vladimir Petukhov, the mayor of Nefteyugansk, who was murdered in June 1998. Speaking on the same day on BBC, which claimed Khodorkovsky “spent much of his time in London”, he said he was “definitely considering” applying for political asylum in the UK and felt safe in London.
In December 2016, a court unfroze $100m of Khodorkovsky’s assets that had been held in Ireland.
Khodorkovsky’s parents, Boris and Marina Khodorkovsky, were engineers at a factory making measuring instruments in Moscow. Khodorkovsky’s father was Jewish, and his mother was Russian Orthodox Christian.
In March 2014, Khodorkovsky was presented with the “Man of the Year” award by the Polish newspaper Gazeta Wyborcza. Khodorkovsky also delivered keynote speeches at the Le Monde Festival, the Freedom House Awards Dinner, the Council on Foreign Relations, the Oslo Freedom Forum, Forum 2000, the Vilnius Forum, Chatham House, the World Economic Forum, Stanford University, and the Atlantic Council. These are all major organizations tied into the Zionist movement
Hans Joachim Morgenthau (February 17, 1904 – July 19, 1980) was one of the major twentieth-century figures in the study of international relations. Morgenthau’s works belong to the tradition of realism in international relations theory, and he is usually considered, along with George F. Kennan and Reinhold Niebuhr, one of the three leading American realists of the post-World War II period. Morgenthau made landmark contributions to international relations theory and the study of international law. His Politics Among Nations, first published in 1948, went through five editions during his lifetime.
Morgenthau was born in an Ashkenazi Jewish family in Coburg, Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Germany in 1904, and, after attending the Casimirianum, was educated at the universities of Berlin, Frankfurt, and Munich, and pursued postdoctoral work at the Graduate Institute of International Studies in Geneva, Switzerland.
He taught and practiced law in Frankfurt before emigrating to the United States in 1937, after several interim years in Switzerland and Spain. One of his first jobs in the U.S. was teaching night school at Brooklyn College. From 1939 to 1943, Morgenthau taught in Kansas City and taught at Keneseth Israel Shalom Congregation there. Morgenthau then was a professor at the University of Chicago until 1973, when he took a professorial chair at the City University of New York (CUNY).
Milton Joseph Rosenau (January 1, 1869 – April 9, 1946) was an American public health official and professor who was influential in the early twentieth century. Milton Joseph Rosenau was born in 1869 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, to Nathan Rosenau and Mathilde Blitz, German Jewish emigrants. He started working for the government in 1989 until 1909 and then took a position at Harvard University where he established the Harvard and Massachusetts School of Health Officers. He was instrumental in guiding early vaccine and pasteurization policies.
Myer Feldman, known as Mike Feldman (June 22, 1914 – March 1, 2007), was an American political aide in the Kennedy and Johnson administrations. Hailing from Philadelphia, Feldman was a trained lawyer and alumnus of the University of Pennsylvania, which he attended on a scholarship. He served in the Army Air Force during the Second World War prior to joining Kennedy’s campaign trail in 1957.
Under Kennedy he was tasked with compiling negative information on Richard Nixon during Kennedy’s election campaign, as well as helping with speech writing and television interviews. His files on Nixon became known collectively as the “Nixopedia”. He also worked on agriculture issues and foreign relations on the subject of nuclear arms sales, often meeting secretly with Israeli Prime Minister David Ben Gurion and Foreign Minister Golda Meir. He was known for the rhyming couplets used when he and Theodore C. Sorensen, whom he succeeded as White House Counsel, traded memos. In 1964 The New York Post called him “the White House’s anonymous man. “https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Myer_Feldman
Henry Alfred Kissinger KCMG (/ˈkɪsɪndʒər/; German: [ˈkɪsɪŋɐ]; born Heinz Alfred Kissinger; May 27, 1923) is a German-born American politician, diplomat, and geopolitical consultant who served as United States Secretary of State and National Security Advisor under the presidential administrations of Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford. A Jewish refugee who fled Nazi Germany with his family in 1938, he became National Security Advisor in 1969 and U.S. Secretary of State in 1973. For his actions negotiating a ceasefire in Vietnam, Kissinger received the 1973 Nobel Peace Prize under controversial circumstances, with two members of the committee resigning in protest.Henry Kissinger was born Heinz Alfred Kissinger on May 27, 1923 in Fürth, Bavaria to homemaker Paula (née Stern; 1901–1998, from Leutershausen), and Louis Kissinger (1887–1982), a schoolteacher. He had a younger brother, business manager Walter (1924–2021). His family was German Jewish. The surname Kissinger was adopted in 1817 by his great-great-grandfather Meyer Löb, after the Bavarian spa town of Bad Kissingen. In his youth, Kissinger enjoyed playing soccer. He played for the youth team of SpVgg Fürth, which was one of the nation’s best clubs at the time.
Klaus Schwab has been married since 1971 to Schaffhauser Hilde Schwab. The couple live in Switzerland and have two adult children, Nicole Schwab, co-founder of the Gender Equality Project in 2009, and Olivier Schwab, who is married to a Chinese woman and heads the WEF office in Beijing.In September 2019, the Federal President of Swiss Confederation, Ueli Maurer, suggested to the Federal Council that Klaus Schwab, who has lived in Switzerland for 60 years, be granted Swiss citizenship and a Swiss passport, based on the cantonal citizenship law. Although Schwab has Swiss parents, the President of the Swiss Confederation Simonetta Sommaruga rejected the application. The Federal Office of Justice from the department of Karin Keller-Sutter (FDP) ultimately rejected the granting of citizenship.
Schwab as publisher of the World Economic Forum’s 2010 “Global Redesign” report postulates that a globalized world is best managed by a self-selected coalition of multinational corporations, governments (including through the UN system) and select civil society organizations (CSOs). He argues that governments no longer are “the overwhelmingly dominant actors on the world stage” and that “the time has come for a new stakeholder paradigm of international governance”. The WEF’s vision includes a “public-private” UN, in which certain specialized agencies would operate under joint State and non-State governance systems.
According to the Transnational Institute (TNI), the Forum is hence planning to replace a recognised democratic model with a model where a self-selected group of “stakeholders” make decisions on behalf of the people. The think tank summarises that we are increasingly entering a world where gatherings such as Davos are “a silent global coup d’etat” to capture governance.
Albert Bourla (Greek: Άλμπερτ Μπουρλά; born October 21, 1961) is a Greek-American veterinarian and the chairman and chief executive officer of Pfizer, an American pharmaceutical company. He joined the company in 1993 and has held several executive roles across Pfizer’s divisions. Prior to becoming chief executive officer, Bourla served as chief operating officer. Bourla was born and raised in Thessaloniki, Greece. His parents, who were Sephardi Jews, were among the 2,000 of 50,000 Jews in Thessaloniki to survive the Holocaust; According to Bourla, his mother was allegedly minutes away from execution by firing squad when she was spared via a ransom paid to a Nazi Party official by her non-Jewish brother-in-law, while his father happened to be out of the Jewish ghetto when the residents were taken to the Auschwitz concentration camp and went into hiding, never to see his parents again.